Mahone Bay

County:Lunenburg County
Founded:1754
Incorporated:1919
Elevation:0 - 24 m (-79 ft)
Population:904
Dwellings:5,876

The British established Halifax (1749), Dartmouth (1750) and the Lunenburg Peninsula (1753), in part to settle Protestants in Nova Scotia, which up until that point had been predominantly settled by the Catholic Acadians and Mi'kmaq. Mahone Bay was first settled in 1754 by those who lived in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia and had farm lots throughout the peninsula, including Mahone Bay. The people who settled on the Lunenburg Peninsula, including the present-day village of Mahone Bay, were foreign protestants who were German, Swiss, and Montbéliardais settlers.  During the French and Indian War, there were numerous Native and Acadian raids on the Lunenburg Peninsula. These catholic raids were an attempt to stop the protestant migration throughout Nova Scotia/ Acadia. One such raid – the Raid on Lunenburg (1756) – happened just off the shores of Mahone Bay on present-day Covey Island.

The town is also known for a history of wooden boat building, it was the main industry of Mahone Bay in its earlier years. The Settler's Museum explains and shows this history in detail. The annual Mahone Bay Classic Boat Festival celebrates the rich wooden boat heritage of Nova Scotia's South Shore.

The view across the harbour of its three prominent churches (St James Anglican; Lutheran; and United) has become an iconic image of Nova Scotia, frequently photographed and featured on postcards and calendars.  The town is filled with upscale shops and restaurants which almost universally are designed to appeal to the tourist trade, and sometimes shut down during the winter months. The town also has a plastics factory.